History Of Riot Control Agents

Riots | Encyclopedia.com

11-06-2018· A communal riot is characterized by collective violence directed at persons of an opposing group, and may involve racial, ethnic, or religious groupings. Although police or agents of social control may engage in violence to keep the groups apart, the vast …

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Risk Management and Public Health …

Risk Management and Public Health Considerations of Riot Control Agents book. Edited By Eugene J. Olajos, Woodhall Stopford M.D. Book Riot Control Agents. Click here to navigate to parent product. Edition 1st Edition. First Published 2004. Imprint CRC Press. Pages 18.

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The Past, Present and Future of the ... - Arms Control

Closing the Loophole on Riot Control Agents: Article II.9(d) of the Chemical Weapons Convention designates law enforcement, including domestic riot control, as a potentially acceptable purpose for the use of certain toxic chemicals. However, the range of potentially permissible chemicals has …

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If the release of riot control agents was indoors get out ...

If the release of riot control agents was indoors get out of the building If from HIST 402 at Harding University

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Executive Order 11850–Renunciation of certain uses in war ...

Executive Order 11850–Renunciation of certain uses in war of chemical herbicides and riot control agents Through this executive order, the US renounced first use of herbicides in war except for controlling vegetation around within and around US bases, installations, and their defensive perimeter.

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Executive Order 11850–Renunciation of certain …

Executive Order 11850–Renunciation of certain uses in war of chemical herbicides and riot control agents Through this executive order, the US renounced first use of herbicides in war except for controlling vegetation around within and around US bases, installations, and their defensive perimeter.

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Irritants - Riot Control Agents: Practice Essentials ...

01-08-2018· The sole purpose of irritants, also known as tear gas, riot control agents, and lachrymators, is to produce immediate discomfort and eye closure to render the victim incapable of fighting or resisting. Police forces use them for crowd control, and military forces currently use them mainly for training.

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Agents | Valorant Wiki | Fandom

Agents are the playable characters in VALORANT, representing an agent of the Valorant Protocol. Each agent serves as a different class with four abilities and has a unique Contract. 1 Summary 2 List of Agents 3 Trivia 4 Scrapped Agents 5 References Agents have one Signature Ability which they get for free each round. Riot was aiming to launch the game with 12 agents, but only 8 were available ...

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Riot control agents | Weapons Law Encyclopedia

Chemical irritants or riot control agents (RCAs) as they are known under international law, such as tear gas or pepper spray, are used around the world by a range of actors for both personal protection and ‘crowd management’.

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chemical weapon | History, Facts, Types, & Effects ...

17-08-2020· Chemical weapon, any of several chemical compounds, usually toxic agents, that are intended to kill, injure, or incapacitate. In modern warfare, chemical weapons were first used in World War I (1914–18). Like nuclear and biological weapons, chemical weapons are often classified as weapons of mass destruction.

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The Chemical Weapons Convention and Riot Control Agents ...

INTRODUCTION Breathing through chemical smoke has been described as "drowning on dry land." (1) When one imagines chemical weapons, one often imagines that indelible image of Doughboys choking in trenches through a fog of yellow mustard gas. Though World War I did not see the first use of chemical weapons, it did produce the first large-scale industrialized chemical warfare. The effects of ...

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Pulmonary or Choking Agents - Center for Health Security

01-12-2013· While it is not as lethal as other choking agents, chloropicrin, which is also known as a riot control agent, induces severe vomiting and excessive tear formation in its victims. 9 In 1917, German troops used chloropicrin-filled shells against the Italian soldiers, occasionally adding phosgene to launch especially debilitating assaults. 10 Allied forces retaliated by formulating their own ...

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REGULATION OF RIOT CONTROL AGENTS AND …

REGULATION OF RIOT CONTROL AGENTS AND INCAPACITANTS UNDER THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION Michael Crowley, Bradford Non-Lethal Weapons Research Project, University of ...

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Riot Control Agents: The Case for Regulation - Sur ...

08-12-2015· ISPRA’s dual promise of safety and threat has been part of the advertising of riot control agents since they first came onto the commercial market in the 1920s. For example, an early brochure for Lake Erie Chemical Company promised that their tear gas would deliver, “An Irresistible Blast of Blinding, Choking Pain” in which “No permanent injury is possible.” 45 45.

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Capsicum Oleoresin - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Riot Control Agents. Riot control agents included a variety of substances that can be used to control individuals as well as crowds of people. These agents include 1-chloroacetphenone (CN), o-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile (CS), and Oleoresin capsicum (OC).

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Riot Control Agents - ScienceDirect

01-01-2015· The toxicology of riot control agents (RCAs) has been the focus of numerous reviews, publications, and textbooks. RCAs comprise a diverse array of chemical compounds with similar toxicities since their introduction on the battlefield in the early part of the past century.

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Chemical-warfare Agents: An Overview - HSDL

• BZ, Agent 15, [riot-control agents] Overview USAMRICD PROTECT, PROJECT, SUSTAIN Overview 10 “Official” Chemical Agents I: Toxic Agents ... A Framework for Learning about Chemical Agents • History / background

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Chapter 12 RIOT CONTROL AGENTS - GlobalSecurity.org

a riot control agent was widely used in the Vietnam War. Riot control agents gained some notoriety when they were used in civil disturbances in Paris, France,

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Irritants - Riot Control Agents Clinical …

01-08-2018· The sole purpose of irritants, also known as tear gas, riot control agents, and lachrymators, is to produce immediate discomfort and eye closure to render the victim incapable of fighting or resisting. Police forces use them for crowd control, and military forces currently use them mainly for training.

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What is a Chemical Weapon? | OPCW

Riot control agents, such as tear gas, are considered chemical weapons if used as a method of warfare. States can legitimately possess riot control agents and use them for domestic law enforcement purposes, but states that are members of the Chemical Weapons Convention must declare what type of riot agents they possess.

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NCI Agency | About us

NCI Agency - NATO Communications and Information Agency acquire, deploy and defend communications systems for NATO’s political decision-makers and Commands; we are on the frontlines against cyber-attacks, working closely with governments …

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CS gas - Wikipedia

The compound 2-chlorobenzalmalononitrile (also called o-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile; chemical formula: C 10 H 5 ClN 2), a cyanocarbon, is the defining component of tear gas commonly referred to as CS gas, which is used as a riot control agent.Exposure causes a burning sensation and tearing of the eyes to the extent that the subject cannot keep their eyes open, and a burning irritation of ...

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A Tale of Two Riot Control Agents: UK Attitudes …

A Tale of Two Riot Control Agents: UK Attitudes to CS and the 1925 Geneva Protocol and CR in Warfare and Law Enforcement 1969–1975 book. By John R. Walker. Book Britain and Disarmament. Click here to navigate to parent product. Edition 1st Edition. First Published 2012. Imprint Routledge.

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Use Of Riot Control Agents - 25thaviation.org

1. (U) Riot Control Agent CS is an effective tear agent that can, depending on the way employed, be used to flush the enemy from bunkers and tunnels, reduce his ability to deliver aimed fire while attacking, or deny his use of fighting positions and infiltration routes for extended periods of time.

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MACV-SOG: A Unit of Modern Forces Living History Group -----

This requirement led to the development of the XM27and the XM28-series masks. Each used a high-efficiency particulate air filter to remove the riot-control agents but provided no protection at all against military-standard chemical agents. The XM27 mask was effectively a green silicone M17, while the XM28 was a totally new design.

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MACV-SOG: A Unit of Modern Forces Living …

This requirement led to the development of the XM27and the XM28-series masks. Each used a high-efficiency particulate air filter to remove the riot-control agents but provided no protection at all against military-standard chemical agents. The XM27 mask was effectively a green silicone M17, while the XM28 was a totally new design.

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The Chemical Weapons Convention and Riot …

INTRODUCTION Breathing through chemical smoke has been described as "drowning on dry land." (1) When one imagines chemical weapons, one often imagines that indelible image of Doughboys choking in trenches through a fog of yellow mustard gas. Though World War I did not see the first use of chemical weapons, it did produce the first large-scale industrialized chemical warfare. The effects of ...

Read more

CDC | Fact Sheet: Facts About Riot Control Agents

Paris police used riot control agents to dispel rioters before World War I, and these compounds were the first chemical agents deployed during that war; French soldiers used them with limited success in small skirmishes. About 30 riot control agents were developed and used, but their use decreased following the advent of more potent compounds.

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